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Deity Correspondences


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Gods and Goddesses from every ancient pantheon are worshipped by the modern world these days; Greek, Roman, Egyptian, Germanic, Celtic and others. Every deity from prehistoric fertility Goddesses to transformed Roman Catholic Saints is a part of one tradition or another. These figures have been worshipped for hundreds or even thousands of years by diverse cultures and the cataloging of them and their powers and quirks is a matter for anthropologists and mythologists. I cannot cover every possible minor deity here, but there is information on some of the better known ones. The information is presented in the following tables and charts. At the bottom of the page there are a large number of links to information on specific pantheons for further study. In addition, you may want to consult this site's sister site at Full Moon Magic Deities for information on Aztec, Inca, Mayan, Etruscan, Roman, Greek, Norse, Japanese, Chinese, and other Deities.

Comparison of the Deities of Ancient Religions

God or Goddess Germanic Roman Greek Egyptian
Supreme God Frigg, Woden Jupiter, Juno Zeus, Hera Ra
Sky Frigg Jupiter Zeus Nuit
Sun - Apollo Helios Ra
Moon - Diana Artemis Thoth
Earth Sif Tellus Gaia Geb
Fire Hoenir Vulcan Hephaestus -
Sea Niord Neptune Poseidon -
Water & Rain Thor Jupiter Zeus Tefnut
Light Balder Apollo Apollo -
Thunder Thor Jupiter Zeus -
Dawn - Aurora Eos -
Mother Goddess Nerthus Venus Aphrodite Isis
Fertility Frey Bona Dea Rhea Osiris
Harvest Balder Saturn Cronos -
Vegetation Balder Ceres Adonis Osiris
Death Hel Pluto Hades Osiris
Wisdom Nimir Minerva Athena Thoth
War Tiu Mars, Bellona Aries, Athena -
Love Freya Cupid Eros -
Messenger Hermod Mercury Hermes -
Healing Eira Apollo Apollo -
Hunting Uller Diana Artemis -
 

Gods and Goddesses of the Greek Pantheon

Name Information
Zeus

The ruler of the sky and all atmospheric phenomena. Oracle at Dodona, worshiped in high places. Oak tree sacred. Shown as a mature man, robust; with thick, dark, curly hair and a beard. Holds a sceptre in left hand and has a thunderbolt and eagle at his feet. Color is imperial purple.

Hera

Goddess of marriage and all phases of women's lives. A noble and severely beautiful woman. Zeus's wife, symbols are the peacock and pomegranate.

Athena

Daughter of Zeus and Metis. Goddess of war, born fully armed and carrying a spear. Emblem the owl. Born from the head of her father who had swallowed her mother while she was pregnant. Goddess of wisdom.

Apollo

Son of Leto, former lover of Zeus. Twin brother of Artemis. Zeus his father. Hera pursued Leto who was forced to give birth on an island shielded by the sea which was raised up over the island like an umbrella by Poseidon. Oracle at Delphi. Celestial archer who's arrows never missed. God of musicians. a handsome, golden haired youth. Patron of prophesy. Represents solar force in all aspects.

Artemis

Sister of Apollo. Symbolic animal the bear. Animals sacred to her. Eternally virginal. Shown carrying a torch. Protector of women against personal violation, Goddess of childbirth.

Hermes

God of travel and commerce. Messenger of the Gods. Shown as atheletic with a round, winged hat and winged sandals. Holds the caduceus. Father of Pan, associated with air.

Aries

Represents blind energy and uncontrolled passion. War God. Father of Harmonia and Aphrodite. Shown as a muscled warior with a crested helmet.

Hephaestus

Son of Hera. Husband of Aphrodite. Lame, short and swarthy. Holds hammer and tongs. Smith to the Gods.

Aphrodite

Fair haired, blue eyed, beautiful and voluptuous. Goddess of love. Symbol was her girdle (belt).

Poseidon

God of the Sea. Brother of Zeus. Marine life and the white horse sacred to him.

Hestia

Goddess of the hearth. Circle sacred to her, her temples were circular. Protected hearth and home.

Demeter

Goddess of the soil and all growing things. Temples were located in forests and called megara. Shown as a mature, rather sad looking, lady with a crown of corn. Mother of Persephone.

Hades

Ruler of the underworld. Husband of Persephone.

Persephone

Wife of Hades, daughter of Demeter. Symbols the bat, narcissus and pomegranate. Goddess of the underworld and of Spring.

Hecate

Giver of wisdom, victory and wealth. Queen of the dead as Prytania. Goddess of purification, expiations, enchantments, magical charms, hauntings and crossroads. Accompanied by the infernal hounds.

Dionysus

Son of Zeus with a mortal woman. Wandered the earth drunch and angry for many years before being admitted to Olympus.

Pan

Son of Hermes. Magical pipes. Nature God.

Themis

Goddess of justice. Regulated ceremonial events and kept order on Olympus.

Helios and Selene

The Sun and the Moon respectively.

Ilythia

Daughter of Hera. Original Goddess of childbirth.

Iris

The rainbow, a messenger of Zeus.

Hebe and Ganymede

Goddess of youth and Zeus's cup bearer.

Zagreus

Son of Zeus and Persephone. A shape changing immortal.

The Muses

Clio/History, Euterpe/Flute, Thalia/Comedy, Melpomene/Tragedy, Terpsicore/Lyric Poetry and Dance, Erato/Love Poetry, Polyhmnia/Mimic Art, Urania/Gastronomy, Calliope/Epic Poetry and Eloquence.

The Fates

Clotho/The spinner of the thread of life, Lachesis/Chance or luck, Atropos/Cuts the thread of life when the time has come and karma.

The Four Winds

Sons of Eos (dawn) and Astraeus (starry sky). Zephyrus/West Wind, Boreas/North Wind, Eurus/East Wind, and Notus/South Wind.

For pictures of many of the above Gods and Goddesses see Olympians and Minor Gods
 

The Egyptian Deities

Name Information Image if Available
Osiris

Nature God and king, Universal Lord. Always accompanied by his grand vizier, Thoth and his nephew Anubis. Husband of Isis, father of Horus. Always shown with a greenish face and dressed in white. Carries a crook and flail, the insignia of order and discipline. Sometimes shown seated on a throne surrounded by water and lotuses.

Symbol the djed or tet.
Isis

She was the wife and sister of Osiris.Wears a throne on her headress. Taught healing and instituted marriage. Magician.

Symbols the knot or buckle, the throne, and the systrum
Set

Brother of Osiris and Isis. Red hair. Represents chaos and destruction. Sought to destroy Osiris.

Nephthys

Sister and wife of Set, mother of Anubis. The revealer, psychic receptivity, light and truth. Colors pale green or silver.

Symbols the lotus and the cup.
Horus

Son of Isis. Color yellow or gold. Lord of prophesy, god of music and art. Patron of all things beautiful.

Symbols the hawk and the all seeing eye.
Hathor

Daughter of Ra. Dual aspects, the benign celestial cow that nourished the gods, protects women, confers the comforts of life, patroness of astrology and rules womens beauty and adornment. Her other aspect was Sekhmet, war goddess with a lions head. Colors coral, peach and copper.

Mirror or shield her symbol.
Anubis

Dark hunting hound or jackal. Guardian against the forces of the lower world. Patron of anaesthetics, psychiatrists, and seekers of lost items. He guards the spirit of the unconcious. .

Color is terracotta, symbol the sarcophagus
Thoth

Shown as a man with the head of an Ibis. Patron of history, keeper of the divine archives, lord of karma, herald of the gods. Eldest son of Ra. Symbols the cadceus and the white feather. God of medicine, learning, magic, truth, books and libraries.

Bast

Wife of Ptah, sister of Horus, daughter of Isis and Osiris. goddess of music and dance. Sacred intrument the sistrum. Sacred animal the cat.

Ptah

Artisan god, parton of builders and craftsmen. Known as the architect of the universe. Performed miracles. Symbols the masons tools and cord.

Sekhmet

Wife of Ptah. Head of a lioness crowned with the sun disk.

Selkhet

A scorpion-goddess, shown as a beautiful woman with a scorpion poised on her head. Protectress of women in childbirth.

Nefertum

Son of Ptah and Sekhmet. Wears a lotus on his head. Guards the sun at night.

None Available
Nuit

Mother Goddess, the sky Goddess, mother of Osiris, Horus, Set, Isis, Nephthys. Protectress of the dead. Wife of Geb, earth God.

Geb

Egyptian earth god. Son of Shu and Tefnut. Brother and hisband of the sky god Nuit. Father of Osiris, Seth, Isis, and Nephthys. Geb was generally depicted with green skin. The goose was his sacred animal.

Ra

The creator and sovereign lord of the sky. Sacred object the obelisk. Created the universe.

 

The Deities of the Tuatha De Danaans of Ireland

Name

Information

The Dagda

Known as Eochaid Ollathair (Father of All), and Ruad Ro-fhessa (Lord of Perfect Knowledge). Appeared as a gross and ugly peasant carrying a huge magic club. possessed a cauldron which could never be emptied. Master of music and magic.

Lugh

Possessed magical gifts the Boat of Mananan which knew a mans thoughts and would sail whereever he wanted, a sword named Fragarach (The Answerer) which could conquer all, and the horse of Mananan which could go over land and sea.

Brigid

Goddess of learning, culture and skills, soverenty, fire, healing and poetry.

Angus Og

Love god. Son of the Dagda. Associated with youth, beauty, music and charm.

Len of Killarney

Brother of the Dagda. A goldsmith.

Midir the Proud

Son of the Dagda. A youth of great physical beauty. Fairylike and ethereal. Golden yellow hair, grey eyes an a purple tunic.

Mananan

Lord of the Sea. Master of tricks and illusions. Guide to the Islands of the Dead. Wore a great cloak that could take on any color.

Ogma

God of learning and writing. Invented the Ogham alphabet.

Dana

The mother of all. Benign and benificent, giver of plenty.

Aine

Corn Goddess. Giver of fertility and love. Kind watchfulness and patroness of peasants.

The Morrigan

War Goddess, enchantress and ruiner with considerable prognostic powers.

Macha

Mother Goddess, she died giving birth.

 

The Deities of the Houses of Don and Llyr of Wales

Name

Information

Gwydion

Hero and God of science and light. Slayer of Pryden the son of Phyll (Head of the Underworld) and Rhiannon, he was punished for this by Math.

Math

God of wealth and increase. Sister Don. Giver of justice.

Don

The Mother Goddess. Not the literal mother, but the guide of the other deities. Wife of Beli.

Llew Llaw Gyffes

Solar deity. Son of Arianrod. Raised by Gwydion, her brother.

Arianrod

Dawn goddess. Name means Silver Circle. Sister of Gwydion. Goddess of reincarnation.

Gwyn

Warder of Hades, the Night Hunter. Guardian of the Dark Portal.

Manawyddon

Sea God, husband of Rhiannon. Nautical God of enchantment.

Rhiannon

Horse Goddess. First husband Phyll, second Manawyddon. Goddess of fertility and the otherworld. Three birds of Rhiannon were magical. Rode a white horse.

Bran and Branwen

Brother and sister. Bran a mighty giant who was killed saving his people. His severed head continued to speak after he was dead. Bran was a harpist, poet and singer.

 

Hindu Gods and Goddesses

I found so much material on the Hindu Pantheon that I have put it on a page of it's own. See Hindu Gods and Goddesses

 

Links for Further Information

For information on Voodoo Gods and Goddesses see Seven Orishas from the Yoruba Pantheon, or About.com Voodoo Deities.
For a listing of Shinto Gods and Goddesses see Chrissy's Dojo of Japanese Myths
For information on Hindu Gods and Goddesses see God in Hindu Dharma, or see Hinduism Page.

For more information on the Celtic Gods and Goddesses see Celtic Deities and Myth, or Celtic Gods and Goddesses.

For more information on the Summerian Gods and Goddesses see Gods of Sumer
For a direct comparison of Norse and Greek Gods and Goddesses see Greek vs. Norse Mythology
For more information on the Norse or Germanic Gods and Goddesses see Timeless Myths: Norse Mythology or or Norse Myths
For more information about the Egyptian Gods and Goddesses see Summaries of the Egyptian Gods
For more information about the Roman Gods and Goddesses see The Roman Gods and Goddesses
For more information about the Greek Gods and Goddesses see The Olympians
For more information on a wide variety of Gods and Goddesses see About.coms Encyclopedia of Deities
For translations of original sacred texts from many religions see Sacred Texts.
For information on the Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Phoenicia see Phoenician Religion.
For information on the Mesopotamian Gods and Goddesses see Mesopotamian Gods
For information on Aboriginal religion and mythology see Australian Aboriginal Dreamtime.
For information on the Gods and Goddesses of Hawaii see In the Beginning.
For information on the Assyro/Babylonian Gods and Goddesses see Assyro/Babylonian Myth.
For information on the Mayan Gods and Goddesses see Mayan Gods.
For information on the Inca Gods and Goddesses see Inca Deities.
For informtion on the Aztec Gods and Goddesses see The Aztecs/Mexicas.
For information on the Gods and Goddesses of the various Native American Nations see Native American Religion.
For information on Candomble (Brazilian orisha) Gods and Goddesses see Gods of Candomble.
For information on Santeria Gods and Goddesses see OrishaNet, or Santeria, a Practical Guide.
For information on the various Pagan traditions and the Gods and Goddesses they use see the collection of links at Pagan Traditions.
For links to information on a wide variety of religions and pantheons see Myths and Legends they have a problem with dead links, but there is some good information.
For a great all around list of Gods and Goddesses from many cultures see Book of Deities has search facility.
  Credits: Egyptian Clipart courtesy of :